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Black Guinea Pigs (Breeding Facts, Traits, Pig Names, Life Span & FAQs)

Tim Rhodes
Written by Tim Rhodes Last Updated: September 2, 2022

The guinea pig is a popular pet all over the world, and it’s no wonder why. They are intelligent, social creatures that thrive in companionship.

Guinea pigs come in a variety of colors, shapes, and sizes – and black guinea pigs are some of the most striking.

In this article, we will be discussing everything you need to know about these beautiful animals, including their breeding, traits, names, lifespan, and FAQs.

What is a Black Guinea Pig?

cute black guinea pig

The Black Guinea Pig is a popular breed of pet guinea pig. As the name suggests, they have black fur.

The Black Guinea Pig is a very social animal and enjoys being around people. They are very playful and active, relatively easy to care for and make great pets for children and adults alike.

If you are thinking about getting a Black Guinea Pig, be sure to do your research to make sure that this is the right breed of guinea pig for you.

Why is Black Guinea Pig Black?

same color

Black guinea pigs are the result of a genetic mutation that causes the body to produce an excess of melanin.

This pigment is what gives guinea pigs their distinctive coloring. In addition to black, guinea pigs can also be brown, white, or even red.

The color of a guinea pig’s coat is determined by the genetics of both parents. If both parents carry the gene for black fur, then their offspring are likely to be black as well.

How And When Did The First Black Guinea Pigs Originate?

Black Guinea Pigs have a long history. The first black guinea pig originated in South America, and they were brought to Europe by Spanish explorers in the 16th century.

Black guinea pigs became popular pets in England in the 18th century. They were also used in medical research.

Black guinea pigs have been bred with other colors of guinea pigs to create new colors. For example, the Guinea Pig Club was formed in England in the 1920s to promote the breeding of guinea pigs with black and white hairs.

Are Black Guinea Pigs a Separate Breed?

While most guinea pigs come in a variety of colors and patterns, black guinea pigs are some of the most striking.

But are they a separate breed? In short, the answer is no.

solid color

All black guinea pigs belong to the species Cavia porcellus. Within this species, there are many different breeds of guinea pig, such as the American, Peruvian, Teddy, and Silkie.

Black guinea pigs are simply a color variation of the Cavia porcellus. They share all the same characteristics as their non-black counterparts, including their friendly dispositions and love of toys and cuddles. The only difference is their fur color.

The Traits of Black Guinea Pigs

One of the most striking things about Black Guinea Pigs is their glossy black fur. This unique fur is soft and thick, making them very cuddly and loveable animals.

Black Guinea Pigs can be both long-haired and short-haired. The long-haired variety is called a Silkie, and they have very soft, silky fur that needs to be brushed regularly.

The short-haired variety does not need to be brushed as often, but their fur can still benefit from the occasional grooming.

Fascinating Facts

In addition to their glossy black fur, Black Guinea Pigs also have long, pointy ears. They are relatively small animals, typically weighing between 1-2 pounds. Male guinea pigs are usually larger than females.

Black Guinea Pigs have a life span of 5-7 years, although some have been known to live up to 10 years with proper care.

Like all guinea pigs, Black Guinea Pigs are social creatures that enjoy being around people and other animals. They are very active and playful and love to explore their surroundings.

Breeding Black Guinea Pigs

You will need two black guinea pigs of opposite genders to start breeding.

The first step is to provide them with a clean and spacious cage. It should be large enough for them to move around freely and have plenty of room for their future offspring.

Next, you’ll need to introduce the pigs to each other. Start by letting them see and smell each other through the bars of the cage.


Once they seem curious but not afraid, you can place them in the cage together.

After they have had a chance to get to know each other, you can begin the breeding process. The female will go into heat every 14-21 days, so keep an eye out for this sign.

When she is ready, she will allow the male to mount her and mate. After about 63 days, she will give birth to 1-12 offspring.

Naming Your Black Guinea Pig

When it comes to naming your black guinea pig, the sky is the limit! You can choose any name you like.

If you need some inspiration, here are a few ideas:

  • Midnight
  • Onyx
  • Raven
  • Coal
  • Ebony
  • Jet
  • Noir
  • Ashes
  • Smokey

There are no wrong answers when it comes to naming your guinea pig. The most important thing is that you choose a name that you’ll be happy with for years to come.

Black Guinea Pig Health Issues

Guinea pigs are relatively healthy animals, but like all pets, they can be susceptible to health problems. Here are some common health issues that can affect black guinea pigs:

  • Skin problems: Black guinea pigs can be prone to skin problems due to their long, dense fur. If you notice your guinea pig scratching or chewing excessively, it may be due to a skin condition. Be sure to take your pet to the vet for an evaluation and treatment.
  • Respiratory problems: Due to their small size and short noses, black guinea pigs are susceptible to respiratory infections and other problems. If you notice your guinea pig sneezing or wheezing, it’s important to take him to the vet right away.
  • Immunity problems: Black guinea pigs can also be more prone to certain diseases due to their dark fur. Ask your vet about ways to boost your pet’s immunity, such as through diet and supplements.

By being aware of these common health issues, you can help keep your black guinea pig healthy and happy. If you have any concerns about your pet’s health, be sure to contact your veterinarian.

Other Guinea Pig Breeds

There are many other breeds of guinea pigs in addition to the black variety. Some of the most popular include the American, Peruvian, and White.

American guinea pigs are the largest breed, typically weighing 3-5 pounds. They have short, smooth coats that can be any color or combination of colors.

The Peruvian guinea pig has a long, silky coat that can reach up to 6 inches in length. Peruvian guinea pig comes in a variety of colors, including white, black, brown, and red.

White guinea pig is the most popular breed. White guinea pig is available in many different color variations, including albino (all white), creme d’argent (silver), and Himalayan (white coat with black points).

No matter which breed you choose, you’re sure to have a loving and loyal companion for years to come.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

There are a lot of misconceptions about black guinea pigs out there. Here are some common questions people have about them, along with the answers:

Do black guinea pigs require special care?

No, black guinea pigs do not require any special care. They can be cared for in the same way as any other guinea pig.

Are black guinea pigs a distinct breed?

Black guinea pigs are not a distinct breed. They can be any of the popular guinea pig breeds, such as American, Peruvian, or White.

Are black guinea pigs aggressive?

No, black guinea pigs are not aggressive. They are actually quite gentle and docile animals.

Are black guinea pigs rare?

No, black guinea pigs are not rare. They are actually one of the most common colors of guinea pigs.

Do black guinea pigs make good pets?

Yes, black guinea pigs make excellent pets. They are gentle, playful, and loving animals that enjoy being around people. If you’re looking for a fun and loving companion, a black guinea pig may be the perfect pet for you.

What is the lifespan of a Black Guinea Pig?

The average lifespan of a black guinea pig is 4-6 years, although some may live longer.

Where to buy a black guinea pig?

You can buy black guinea pigs from pet stores, breeders, or rescue organizations. Adopting a guinea pig from a rescue is a great option if you’re looking for a pet that needs a home.

How much do black guinea pigs cost?

The cost of black guinea pigs varies depending on where you buy them. Pet store prices can range from $20-$50, while prices from breeders or rescues may be lower or higher.

These are just a few of the most common questions people have about black guinea pigs. If you have any other questions, be sure to contact your veterinarian.

Final Thoughts

Black guinea pigs are gentle, loving, and playful animals that make great pets. If you’re looking for a fun and friendly companion, a black guinea pig may be the perfect pet for you.

With proper care, your black guinea pig will be a part of your family for years to come. Don’t forget to brush your pet regularly to help reduce shedding, and contact your vet if you have any concerns about your guinea pig’s health.



Tim Rhodes
Tim Rhodes

Hi there! My name is Tim Rhodes and I'm a guinea pig enthusiast through thick and thin. My mission is to teach others useful tips and tricks about these cute creatures. When I'm not writing, I enjoy kickboxing and work as an animal trainer.

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