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Silkie Guinea Pigs (Top 10 Facts, Breeding Profile, Care & FAQs)

Tim Rhodes
Written by Tim Rhodes Last Updated: September 5, 2022

Silkie guinea pigs are a popular pet choice for many reasons. They are docile, affectionate, and relatively easy to care for. Additionally, their long, silky hair is irresistible to most people.

But before you decide to get a silkie guinea pig, there are some things you should know. This breed is not without its challenges, and potential owners should be prepared for what they are getting into.

This article will cover the top 10 facts about silkie guinea pigs, and their breeding profile, and answer some frequently asked questions. By the end, you will know all there is to know about these fascinating creatures.

What are Silkie guinea pigs?

Silkie guinea pigs are a very popular type of guinea pig. They are characterized by their long, soft fur, which is often described as feeling like silk.

Silkies are available in a wide range of colors, including white, black, brown, and red. They typically weigh between two and four pounds and have a length of between eight and ten inches.

silky smooth hair

Silkies are known for being very docile and easy to handle, making them an excellent choice for families with small children. They are also relatively quiet compared to other types of guinea pigs.

If you’re looking for a cuddly pet that is relatively low-maintenance, a Silkie may be the perfect choice for you!

Top 10 facts about Silkie guinea pigs

most guinea pigs

Silkies are interesting creatures, and there is a lot to know about them. Here are the top 10 facts about these amazing animals:

  1. Silkies are a long-haired breed with luxurious fur that feels like silk to the touch.
  2. They are one of the longest-living breeds of guinea pigs.
  3. Silkies are very docile and gentle, making them great pets for kids.
  4. They come in a variety of colors, including white, black, brown, and silver.
  5. Silkies are known for their calm and very laid-back personalities.
  6. They are a relatively new breed of guinea pig, having been developed in the 1970s.
  7. Silkies are one of the most popular breeds of guinea pigs, due to their lovely appearance and gentle nature.
  8. They are relatively easy to care for, although they require constant grooming.
  9. Silkies are good-natured and make excellent companion animals.
  10. They are a small breed of guinea pig, weighing only 2-3 pounds.

These are just some of the interesting facts about Silkie Guinea Pigs! As you can see, they are unique creatures that make wonderful pets.

Origins of the Silkie guinea pig

guinea pig's skin

The Silkie guinea pig breed originated in South America, where they were kept as pets by the Inca people. The Inca people prized the Silkie for its beautiful fur, which was used to make clothing and other items.

When the Spanish conquistadors invaded South America, they brought the Silkie guinea pig back to Europe with them. The breed quickly became popular in Europe, and eventually made its way to North America.

Today, the Silkie Guinea Pig is one of the most popular pet Guinea Pigs in the world. Thanks to their gentle nature and affectionate personality, they make wonderful companion animals.

Silkie guinea pig appearance

The Silkie guinea pig has a very unique and easily recognized appearance.

They are one of the only breeds of guinea pigs that have fur that covers their entire body, including their eyes.

This fur is very silky and soft to the touch, hence their name. The coat is so dense that it is often used as insulation in cold weather climates.

silkie's coat

Besides their silky fur, they also have five toes on each foot, instead of the usual four. This extra toe helps them to grip the ground better when they are running and playing.

Silkies come in a variety of colors, the most popular being black and white. However, they can also be found in brown, beige, tan, cream, and even reddish-brown. Regardless of their color, all Silkie Guinea Pigs have shiny, smooth fur that feels amazing when you pet them.

Another distinctive feature of the Silkie breed is its short legs. Their bodies are much shorter and rounder than other types of guinea pigs, giving them a very cute and cuddly look.

Silkie guinea pig personality

As all owners of Silkies know, they are very high-energy animals that love to run and play. They are also very social creatures, preferring to be around other guinea pigs or humans.

Nevertheless, they can also be quite timid and may hide if they feel scared or threatened.

As far as personalities go, Silkie guinea pigs tend to be on the calm and shy side. They generally get along well with other guinea pigs, although they may not be as outgoing as some of the other breeds.

Silkies tend to be gentle and affectionate, making them great pets for children or adults who are looking for a low-maintenance companion.

Silkie guinea pigs breeding profile

Silkies are one of the most popular breeds of guinea pigs, so a lot of people are interested in breeding them. Here is everything that Silkie guinea pig breeders should know.

In terms of their breeding profile, Silkies typically give birth to litters of two to four babies.

The gestation period for Silkies is approximately 59 days, and they will typically wean their young at around 4 weeks old.

very laid back personality

When they reach adulthood, Silkie guinea pigs can be bred every 8-10 weeks. When it comes time to mate them, you should use two males and one female.

This will help to ensure that the female does not become overwhelmed by the male’s advances.

Furthermore, it is necessary to make sure that the cage is large enough to accommodate multiple guinea pigs, as overcrowding can lead to fighting and stress.

Silkie guinea pig care

silkies hair

As a small, delicate breed, Silkies require a bit of extra care to stay healthy and thrive.

Here are some basic tips about Silkie guinea pig care: 

  • Provide a clean, spacious cage – A Silkie’s long fur can easily become matted and tangled, so it’s crucial to provide them with proper cage setup that gives them plenty of room to move around. Be sure to include plenty of toys and chew toys to keep them amused, as well as hiding places where they can escape from the hustle and bustle of cage life. 
  • A diet rich in hay – A diet rich in hay is essential for all guinea pigs, but it’s especially important for Silkies. Hay provides essential nutrients and helps to keep their digestive system moving smoothly. Be sure to offer hay, such as timothy hay, at all times, and supplement their diet with fresh vegetables and a small number of food pellets. 
  • Brush their fur regularly – Because of their long fur, Silkies are especially prone to matting and tangles. To prevent this, brush their fur regularly with a soft-bristled brush. Be gentle and take your time, especially around their delicate face area. 

These are just a few basic tips for caring for a Silkie guinea pig. If you have any questions or concerns, be sure to talk to your veterinarian.

With just a little bit of extra care, your pet cavy will be happy and healthy for years to come.

Grooming a Silkie guinea pig

Silkies need constant grooming, on a daily basis, in order to keep their silky smooth hair healthy and beautiful.

The best way to groom your Silkie is to use a small, soft-bristled brush. Start at the head and work your way down the body, taking care to avoid the delicate skin around the eyes and ears.

Be extra gentle when brushing the tail, as it is very fragile. You may also want to use a wide-toothed comb to remove any knots or tangles.

long straight hair

If your pet has long hair, you may need to trim it from time to time to prevent matting.

In addition to regular brushing, you should also bathe your Silkie every few weeks. Use warm water and a mild shampoo designed specifically for guinea pigs. Avoid getting water in their eyes or ears, and be sure to rinse all of the soap out before towel drying them off.

After bathing, you can use a blow dryer on the cool setting to lightly dry their fur. Remember to handle your Silkie gently during all grooming procedures, as they are very delicate creatures.

Keeping your Silkie cool

As the weather gets warmer, you may be wondering how to keep your Silkie guinea pigs cool. Silkies have long, thick fur that can make them susceptible to overheating.

Here are a few tips to help you keep your Silkies comfortable during the summer months.

One way to keep your silkies cool is to provide them with a shallow pool of water. Silkies love to splash around, so they’ll appreciate being able to cool off in their own little oasis.

Another way to keep your silkies cool is by giving them ice cubes to play with. Most silkies love nothing more than chasing a chilly treat around their cage.

Finally, you need to make sure your Silkies have access to plenty of fresh, cool water. During the summer months, you may need to change their water more frequently than usual.

A good rule of thumb is to check it several times throughout the day and change it completely if it starts to get warm.

Silkie guinea pig health

Like all guinea pigs, Silkies are susceptible to a number of health problems. The most common health problems seen in the Silkie guinea pig breed include:

  1. Respiratory problems: Silkie guinea pigs are prone to respiratory problems due to their short noses and long hair. They are especially susceptible to upper respiratory infections, which can cause difficulty breathing, sneezing, and runny eyes. Silkies are also at risk for pneumonia and other lung problems.
  2. Skin problems: The long hair of silkie guinea pigs can trap dirt, oils, and moisture, leading to skin infections. They are also prone to ringworm, a fungal infection that causes bald patches and scaly skin.
  3. Dental problems: Like all guinea pigs, silkies need to wear down their teeth by chewing on hay and other roughage. If they don’t get enough to chew on, their teeth can become overgrown and may eventually need to be professionally trimmed.
  4. Ear infections: Ear infections are common in both long-haired and short-haired guinea pigs, but the longer hair of silkies can make them more susceptible. Symptoms include shaking the head, scratching the ears, and discharge from the ears.
  5. Eye problems: Silkie guinea pigs are particularly prone to eye problems due to their long hair. Their eyelashes can irritate the eyeball, and the hair can trap dirt and moisture, leading to infection. They are also at risk for lacrimal duct obstruction, a condition that prevents tears from draining properly and causes the eyes to appear watery.

If you notice any of these symptoms in your Silkie guinea pig, take them to the vet for an examination. Early diagnosis and treatment are crucial for preventing serious health problems.

Factors to think about when considering a Silkie

When deciding if a Silkie Guinea Pig is the right pet for you, there are a few key factors to keep in mind.

First, Silkies have very long and dense fur, which requires regular brushing to prevent mats and tangles.

They also have very delicate skin, which can be easily injured by sharp nails or rough handling.

all the grooming

As a result, the Silkie guinea pig breed is best suited to homes with older children or adults who can handle them gently.

Next, Silkies have a tendency to overeat, so it is important to provide them with a healthy diet and plenty of exercise.

They are also prone to respiratory and skin problems, so regular vet checkups are a must.

Finally, Silkies are social animals and do best when they have another guinea pig to cuddle with. If you are considering a Silkie guinea pig breed, be sure to get two.

Other guinea pig breeds

There are a lot of different guinea pig breeds out there, each with its own unique appearance and personality. Some of the most popular guinea pig breeds include:


delicious fruits

Cavies are the most common type of guinea pig, and they come in a wide variety of colors and coat types.

Peruvian guinea pig

Silkie's hair sweeps

The Peruvian guinea pig has long, thick fur that can be either straight or wavy. The Peruvian guinea pig breed is one of the most popular breeds for showing.

Teddy guinea pigs

daily grooming

Teddy guinea pigs have short, dense fur that is very similar to the fur of a teddy bear.


silky coat

Abyssinians have short, sleek fur that is closely spaced in rosettes. They come in a variety of colors, including black, brown, red, and silver.

These are just a few of the many different guinea pig breeds out there. If you are considering adding a guinea pig to your family, do some research to find the breed that is right for you.

Frequently asked questions (FAQs)

own vitamin c

Silkies are a popular breed of guinea pig, but they’re not right for everyone.

Here are answers to some frequently asked questions about the Silkie guinea pig breed to help you decide if they’re the right pet for you.

How much do Silkies cost?

Silkie guinea pigs will typically cost between $30 and $50 in your local pet store. However, prices may be higher for show-quality animals or those with rare coloration.

How big do Silkies get?

Silkie guinea pigs typically weigh between 2 and 3 pounds. They are slightly smaller than the average guinea pig, but they have longer fur, which can make them appear larger.

Do Silkie guinea pigs make good pets?

Yes, Silkie guinea pigs make great pets. They are social animals that enjoy interacting with their human families. They are also relatively easy to care for, as long as you are willing to brush their fur regularly.

What are some common health problems for Silkie guinea pigs?

Some common health problems for Silkie guinea pigs include respiratory problems, skin problems, dental problems, ear infections, and eye problems.

How do I know if my Silkie guinea pig is sick?

If you notice any of the following symptoms in your Silkie guinea pig, take them to the vet for an examination: difficulty breathing, sneezing, runny eyes, shaking the head, scratching the ears, discharge from the ears, or watery eyes.

How can I prevent my Silkie guinea pig from getting sick?

The best way to prevent your Silkie guinea pig from getting sick is to take them to the vet for regular checkups. You should also provide them with a healthy diet and plenty of exercise.

Why are Silkie guinea pigs such shy creatures?

Silkies are known for their gentle demeanor, so it is not unusual for them to be shy around new people. If your Silkie guinea pig is particularly shy, try handling them more often to help them get used to you. You can also try offering them treats as a way to show that you are friendly.

These are just a few of the things you should know about Silkie guinea pigs. If you have any further questions, be sure to speak with your veterinarian.

Final thoughts

Silkie guinea pigs are wonderful pets that will bring joy to your home. They are social animals that love to interact with their human families, and they are relatively easy to care for.

Just be sure to brush your silkie’s hair regularly and provide them with enough timothy hay and food pellets.

With a little love and care, your Silkie guinea pigs will be healthy and happy for years to come.


Tim Rhodes
Tim Rhodes

Hi there! My name is Tim Rhodes and I'm a guinea pig enthusiast through thick and thin. My mission is to teach others useful tips and tricks about these cute creatures. When I'm not writing, I enjoy kickboxing and work as an animal trainer.

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