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Can Guinea Pigs Eat Broccoli? (Serving Size, Hazards & More)

Tim Rhodes
Written by Tim Rhodes Last Updated: October 6, 2021

Can guinea pigs eat broccoli?

Broccoli is a very healthy and nutritious vegetable that’s on millions of plates every day.

Also known as crumbled cabbage, broccoli originally came from Asia Minor and found its way to Europe via Italy.

It is available all year round but has a concise shelf life when fresh.

Broccoli contains many vitamins, including vitamin C and A.

You can find broccoli in the supermarket or grow it in your own garden.

However, not all foods that are good for our health are also beneficial for guinea pigs.

Can Guinea Pigs Eat Broccoli?

Guinea pigs can eat broccoli as part of a varied diet, but the proportion of this vegetable in their diet should not be high.

If your guinea pigs get gas from broccoli, you have to leave it out from your pet’s diet or significantly reduce the amount you serve to your pet.

However, the flatulence’s actual cause is often dry food and guinea pig pellets and not the broccoli itself.

Some health problems can occur as with most foods, especially when your guinea pig eats foods that don’t contain the proper balance of nutrients these small animals need.

Is Brocolli Good For Guinea Pigs?

A cup of raw chopped broccoli contains:

  • Calories: 31
  • Fat: 0.3 g
  • Sodium: 30 mg
  • Carbohydrates: 6 g
  • Fiber: 2.4 g
  • Sugars: 1.7 g
  • Protein: 2.5 g
  • Vitamin C: 89.2 mg
  • Calcium: 47 mg
  • Phosphorous: 66 mg

When it comes to the benefits of broccoli on guinea pig’s health, the most important information is that this vegetable is very high in vitamin C.

It contains about 89mg of vitamin C per 100g of broccoli; it carries more vitamin C than a green bell pepper or twice as much as an orange.

Vitamin C is a very important nutrient for guinea pigs.

Likewise, broccoli has enough fiber and is low in calcium and sugar, which all make it a perfect food for guinea pigs.

Nonetheless, feeding guinea pigs with broccoli requires caution.

As usual, it’s best to mix different types of raw and fresh fruits and vegetables that are all safe for your guinea pig’s health.

Providing guinea pigs with different types of vegetables ensures a good and balanced diet.

Your guinea pigs will receive all the nutrients they need, which will also minimize the risk of health issues.

Read on to learn more about the bad sides of feeding broccoli to your guinea pig.

Are There Hazards to Giving Broccoli to Guinea Pigs?

As a cruciferous vegetable, broccoli causes gas and bloating, which is very dangerous for your guinea pig.

Therefore, give broccoli to your guinea pigs in moderation, two to three times a week and in small amounts.

Gas and Bloating

Excessive consumption of broccoli can cause gas, bloating, and diarrhea.

All these conditions are dangerous for your pet.

Bladder and Kidney Stones

Eating broccoli increases the risk of kidney and bladder stones.

Oxalates in this vegetable are responsible for the formation of calcium stones.

Symptoms include uneven urination, incontinence, blood in the urine, inflamed genital skin, weight loss, and lethargy.

If you notice any of these symptoms, take your pet to a veterinarian as soon as possible.

Digestion Problems

The other risk associated with excess broccoli is the disruption of the digestive system.

Your guinea pigs will be sluggish, without appetite, with loose stools, and their fur may become coarser.

The best way to improve your guinea pig’s condition is with hydration and a proper and balanced diet.

Make sure that every piggy gets its piece of broccoli and that not one pig alone eats the ration for the entire troop.

Guinea pigs love broccoli and they mostly do not care whether they get the fine florets or the stems and leaves.

Can Guinea Pigs Eat Cooked Broccoli?

Guinea pigs can eat broccoli.

However, feed your guinea pigs only with raw broccoli.

If you give your guinea pigs some broccoli, please, let it be raw, uncooked, and unseasoned.

Never cook, bake, or fry food you intend to give to your guinea pigs.

They cannot digest processed food, but they might attempt to eat it, which will cause many problems for them.

Can Guinea Pigs Eat Broccoli Stalks?

Your guinea pigs won’t say no to broccoli stalks.

Guinea pigs eat broccoli leaves, stalks, and florets and they don’t choose much.

Make sure to wash the vegetable thoroughly before giving it to your guinea pigs.

Remove all the scruffy, bad areas if necessary.

This way, you will eliminate any impurities on the fruit and ensure your pet’s wellbeing.

As a precaution, if a guinea pig has digestive problems, you should eliminate or significantly reduce the amount of broccoli you’ve been giving it.

Guinea pigs that exercise regularly can tolerate broccoli more easily, as exercise keeps the bowels going.

Can Guinea Pigs Eat Brocolli Leaves?

Yes, guinea pigs can eat broccoli stalks, leaves, and florets.

You shouldn’t waste any part of broccoli when feeding it to your guinea pigs.

However, remember to serve this vegetable in moderate amounts and only two to three times a week.

Excess broccoli can cause gas and bloating, which is very dangerous to your guinea pigs.

Can Guinea Pigs Get Gas from Broccoli?

A healthy guinea pig diet includes green fodder, leaves, twigs, leafy vegetables, and hay.

Broccoli belongs to the cruciferous family of vegetables.

So, broccoli is a type of cabbage, and everyone knows that cabbage is often flatulent.

However, your pet might have gasses because of the dry diet that consists mostly of guinea pig pellets, hay, and not enough fruits and vegetables.

Of course, there is also the possibility that your guinea pig’s digestive system cannot tolerate cabbage.

In that case, these small animals might suffer from apathy, loss of appetite, and might be in pain because of the disruption in their bellies.

Guinea pigs might appear bloated and lazy to move, which is never a good sign.

If you think that broccoli is to blame for such a condition, eliminate it from your pets’ diet.

However, the best you could do is take your pet to a vet to make sure that your piggy is otherwise well.

Can Guinea Pigs Eat Frozen Brocolli?

As we have already emphasized, all vegetables you are giving to your guinea pigs should be fresh and raw.

No, guinea pigs should never eat frozen foods.

What you can do is give your pet frozen foods, defrosted at room temperature.

However, never buy commercially frozen food for your guinea pigs, the one you use for cooking your own meals!

If you want to feed your pet with frozen food, make sure that fruits and vegetables are not processed.

The only way to be sure is to freeze them yourself.

Wash the chosen fruit or vegetable thoroughly, eliminate all the areas your guinea pig cannot eat such as seeds, cores, skin, or leaves (it depends on the fruit/vegetable), cut them into small bite-size pieces, and freeze.

Nevertheless, you should always defrost the food before feeding your guinea pigs; make sure that fruits and vegetables have reached room temperature.

Again, a warning: your guinea pigs need fresh and raw vegetables and fruits; anything else is not a good idea.

What Is the Optimal Nutrition for Guinea Pigs?

A healthy diet is especially important for your guinea pig’s health.

The natural diet of guinea pigs consists primarily of grasses but is supplemented by a wide variety of herbs, plants, and other natural ingredients.

Because of the special structure and functionality of the gastrointestinal tract, guinea pigs have to eat constantly.

This is why unlimited amounts of hay are important.

Hay ensures enough fiber in a guinea pig’s diet but also helps in trimming teeth.

Guinea pigs’ teeth grow continuously throughout their life and, if overgrown, they cause much pain and suffering to these little rodents.

When the teeth are too long, a guinea pig cannot chew and eat enough; the overgrown teeth are hurting them, cause bleeding, and the animal can die.

Therefore, your guinea pig needs to chew constantly (and hay, guinea pig pellets, and twigs help them by keeping their teeth trimmed).

Fresh and raw vegetables and fruits cannot help them grind their teeth.

Nonetheless, they supply the necessary nutrients your pet needs to stay healthy.

Therefore, offer your pet fresh vegetables once a day (about one cup per guinea pig).

Your guinea pig’s diet should consist of leafy greens such as romaine lettuce, kale, cilantro, and parsley.

The best thing you can do for your guinea pig’s health is to provide variety by feeding different mixtures of greens each day.

You should know that vegetables such as red pepper, green pepper, and broccoli have high levels of vitamin C.

Therefore, peppers are the best daily option.

Once or twice a week mix peppers with leafy greens, carrots, zucchini, or tomato.

Get your guinea pigs used to different types of vegetables while they are still young because they can become picky eaters when they are older.

Every day, with unlimited amounts of hay, a tiny amount of guinea pig pellets, and one cup of mixed vegetables and fruits, your pet will have a perfectly good and balanced diet.

Can Guinea Pigs Eat Green Fodder?

In the wild, small rodents mostly eat green fodder such as:

  • grasses
  • dandelion
  • chamomile
  • ribwort plantain
  • sorrel
  • nettle

So, yes, guinea pigs can eat green fodder.

All green plants that grow on a natural meadow are ideal for guinea pigs.

Green fodder contains almost all essential nutritional components and can be freshly picked in the warmer seasons.

However, when it comes to green fodder, don’t make it the primary source of your pet’s diet.

Feed your guinea pigs with it only occasionally.

Guinea Pigs and Hay

All important components of the guinea pig’s diet are contained in dried grasses.

Give guinea pigs unlimited amounts of hay every day.

Likewise, you can regularly give your guinea pig twigs.

With flowers and leaves, the branches of many shrub and tree species are ideal for healthy nibbling fun.

The gnawing of the branches has a healthy effect on the health of guinea pigs’ teeth and gums and contains many valuable nutrients.

You can serve your guinea pigs branches of the following shrubs and trees:

  • Appletree
  • Peartree
  • Hazelnut bush
  • Currant bush

Other branches, such as alder, beech, pine, or linden are not the best choice because of their ingredients.

Kernels and Seeds

Although many commercially produced guinea pig foods contain kernels and seeds, you should avoid giving these to your pets.

Kernels and seeds present a choking hazard for guinea pigs, so they should be avoided at all costs.

Likewise, some seeds, such as apple seeds, are also poisonous for these small animals, which is why it is crucial to eliminate seeds from various fruits and vegetables.

Exceptions are cucumber and tomato seeds, which cannot cause any harm to guinea pigs.

Besides, they are soft enough for your pet to swallow.


A healthy and natural guinea pig diet also includes a constant supply of fresh and clean water.

If you feed guinea pigs with juicy food (such as tomatoes, cucumbers, or oranges), is given a lot of juice feed, they may drink little or no extra water at all.

Still, a supply of fresh and clean water in your pet’s water bowl or water bottle is a must.

Also, clean the water bowl or water bottle at least once a day.

How To Make Your Own Dried Herbs and Hay?

Herbs and hay can be bought at stores, but you can also easily make them yourself.

Healthy hay consists of various grasses and herbs and contributes to a balanced diet.

For example, sweet grasses, ryegrass, meadow reindeer, knuckle grass, and a few other varieties are good choices for homemade hay.

The clover-like plants include red clover and alfalfa.

Herbs such as dandelion, nettle, and plantain give the hay additional healthy ingredients.

You can add corn or marigold flowers to the mixture.

To make the mixture durable, dry the ingredients outdoors in the sun (on concrete) or a convection oven.

To learn more about the ways you can make hay for your guinea pigs, check this link.

Why Are Raw Fresh Fruits and Vegetables Important for Guinea Pigs?

In their natural habitat, guinea pigs have a wide range of fresh green fodder available.

However, this is not the case with guinea pigs in captivity.

Besides, often the grasses and herbs lack the vitamins and minerals that guinea pigs need.

To counteract a deficiency, guinea pig owners supplement their pets’ diet with juice feed such as:

  • Cucumber
  • Carrots
  • Broccoli
  • Romaine lettuce
  • Turnip
  • Seedless apples
  • Strawberries
  • Red tomatoes

Juice feed, however, is only a supplement to a dry guinea pig healthy diet that rests on hay and guinea pig pellets.

Besides, a mixture of various vegetables and fruits is important to ensure the consumption of a variety of healthy nutrients every guinea pig needs.

Additives in commercial feed, such as starch, sugar, or fat, are difficult to digest.

Also, numerous additives such as salt licks, vitamin preparations, or limestones are offered for guinea pigs.

Usually, additives are not necessary for a balanced diet.

Nonetheless, in individual cases, the additional dose can be necessary for pregnant animals or those with various conditions.

Consult the vet if you think your guinea pig can use vitamin and mineral supplements.


If you wish to give your guinea pig treats, the prerequisite is that your animal is healthy and not overweight.

Apart from fruits such as bananas, apples, blueberries, strawberries, or apricots, there are healthy vegetables safe for guinea pigs.

Guinea pigs can eat broccoli spears, artichokes, tomatoes, kale, or spinach, along with many more.

And yes, guinea pigs love them as they consider these vegetables as great treats!

Even dried vegetables can serve as treats in tiny quantities.

To not burden the animals’ stomachs too much, you should serve them dried vegetables only exceptionally.

Unlike dried vegetables, dried fruit is not suitable because such fruit contains a lot of sugar.

Other possible threats include mini hay bales, hay baguettes, or small hay blocks.

This is pressed hay with which the little rodents can occupy themselves for a long time.

It should not be possible for your pets to put the whole block whole in their mouth.

Also, there is a whole range of different treats for rodents in stores.

Make sure that the products do not contain too much sugar or starch and that they are made exclusively for guinea pigs.

Don’t try to feed your guinea pigs with any products that are made for other animals, such as hamsters or rabbits.

All animals have different needs and requirements.

Substances found in cereals, honey, or molasses, are not safe for guinea pigs.

Also, unsuitable are human foods and sweets, such as bread, cookies, pasta, pretzels, and anything else that’s not raw.

Remember, guinea pigs cannot digest processed food.

Besides, they cannot eat everything, so make sure that the food you are giving to your pet is on their safe list.

Intolerance and Toxins

Not all plants have any nutritional benefits for guinea pigs.

Some plants are poisonous and can be lethal or lead to life-threatening conditions.

Oxalic acid, solanine, nitrate, and hydrocyanic acid in plants are substances that guinea pigs cannot tolerate or tolerate to a limited extent.

The following plants are poisonous and should therefore not be included in the guinea pig diet:

  • Cyclamen
  • Some types of avocados
  • Wild garlic
  • Beans
  • Boxwood
  • Yew
  • Ferns
  • Cherry laurel
  • Lily of the valley
  • Onions
  • Shoots and green areas of potatoes
  • Deadly nightshade
  • Cypress
  • Bulbous plants
  • legumes
  • rhubarb
  • Stone fruits such as plums, cherries, and nectarines

The list of incompatible and poisonous plants is incomplete.

Before feeding your guinea pig, always check whether a respective plant is actually safe for guinea pigs.

Final Thoughts

The answer to the question of whether guinea pigs can eat broccoli is yes, guinea pigs eat broccoli.

They can eat broccoli stalks, leaves, and florets.

Let your guinea pigs eat raw and fresh broccoli two to three times a week.

Guinea pigs love eating broccoli, which is great, as this vegetable contains many beneficial nutrients.

If you have any questions or want to share your thoughts with us, leave us a comment.


Tim Rhodes
Tim Rhodes

Hi there! My name is Tim Rhodes and I'm a guinea pig enthusiast through thick and thin. My mission is to teach others useful tips and tricks about these cute creatures. When I'm not writing, I enjoy kickboxing and work as an animal trainer.

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