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Can Guinea Pigs Eat Purple Cabbage? (Serving Size, Risks & More)

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Tim Rhodes

Can guinea pigs eat purple cabbage?

Guinea pigs, which are popular “pocket pets” are easy-going because of their receptive and cheerful nature.

They’re small in size so they need special care and attention, but that doesn’t make them less demanding.

They have short limbs and short ears but their head and eyes are large, giving them a resemblance to other cavies with a vigorous and robust body.

Can Guinea Pigs Eat Purple Cabbage?

Yes, guinea pigs can eat purple cabbage, but there are so many other factors that need to be addressed.

Firstly, we shall examine the nutrients in the cabbage and the different types of cabbage guinea pigs eat.

Cabbage And Its Nutrients

Cabbage belongs to the cruciferous vegetable family and it is a green leafy vegetable.

The color of cabbage can vary from green to red and purple.

It is round or oval in shape.

Its scientific name is Brassica Oleracea var. Capitata.

Cabbage is rich in Vitamin K, Vitamin C, and Vitamin B6.

Manganese, dietary fiber, potassium, Vitamin B1, folate, and copper are also present with choline, phosphorus, Vitamin B2, magnesium, calcium, selenium, iron, pantothenic acid, protein, and niacin.

Let’s take a look at the nutritional profile of cabbage.

Principle Nutrients in Cabbage

  • Carbohydrates 5.16 g
  • Protein 1.14 g
  • Total Fat 0.09 g
  • Dietary Fibre 2.5 mg
  • Energy 22 kcal
  • Folates 38 mcg
  • Niacin 0.234 mg
  • Vitamin A 98 IU
  • Vitamin C 32.6 mg
  • Vitamin K 69 mcg
  • Electrolytes
  • Sodium 16 mg
  • Potassium 151 mg
  • Calcium 36 mg
  • Iron 0.42 mg
  • Magnesium 11 mg
  • Phosphorous 23 mg
  • Zinc 0.16 mg

Every nutrient present in the cabbage guinea pigs eat is a great source of nutrients healthy diet.

Let’s discuss the benefits of cabbage to learn its benefits for guinea pigs.

What Are the Benefits Of Cabbage?

Cabbage is low in calories but excessive and rich in nutrients.

For that reason, guinea pigs can eat cabbage only in moderation.

Its nutrient profile is impressive.

Cabbage is rich in fiber and contains powerful antioxidants that protect the body from damage that can be inflicted by free radicals.

Lowers Risk Of Cancers

We all know about the benefits of Vitamin C that it can protect us against cancers so its existence in cabbage makes it a great supplementary vegetable.

A diet that is rich in Vitamin C can lower the risk of certain cancers.

Helps In Digestion

Cabbage helps in improving digestion because it contains insoluble fiber.

It also helps to release constipation.

Likewise, it helps in maintaining a healthy digestive system.

The presence of fiber enables the release of toxins through stool.

As a low-calorie vegetable, it contains many nutrients that are of great health benefits, so the cabbage should have a great part in our everyday meal.

Brain Health

Cabbage is also beneficial for keeping the brain of your guinea pig healthy.

It helps in enhancing memory and also optimize blood flow to the brain.

Heart Health

The anthocyanins in red cabbage that help protect against cancer assist to prevent the inflammation that may lead to heart disease.

The increased amount of polyphenol in cabbage might also reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease by prohibiting platelet buildup and also reduces blood pressure.


Cabbage is anti-inflammatory as it contains a compound named Sulforaphane, which helps in reducing inflammation.

Consuming cabbage helps to reduce irritation, allergies, and various skin disorders.

Healthy Bones

Cabbage is also a great source of minerals, like calcium, magnesium, and potassium as other cruciferous vegetables.

The above three fundamental minerals are vital in the safety of bones from degradation.

It also helps in preventing the conditions like osteoporosis and the weakening of the bones.

Cabbage has a good amount of vitamins present in it.

Vitamin K-rich foods help to strengthen bones, cartilage, ligaments, and muscles.

What Are the Different Types of Cabbage?

There are different types of cabbage, each with healthy nutrients.

  • Green Cabbage
  • White Cabbage
  • Savoy Cabbage
  • Purple Cabbage
  • Sweetheart Cabbage
  • Chinese Cabbage

Green Cabbage

Green Cabbage is the King of Cabbages.

It has innumerable pale green color leaves that are thick.

Green cabbage has many health benefits.

The presence of powerful nutrients such as vitamin C, vitamin K, and B-complex vitamins are all beneficial for your guinea pig’s health.

It also contains potassium and folate, minerals such as calcium, iron, magnesium, and phosphorus.

It is also an abundant source of polyphenols and sulfur compounds.

Guinea pigs eat cabbages but you should feed them only in moderate quantities to avoid bloating and indigestion.

White Cabbage

White Cabbage is also called Dutch Cabbages.

White Cabbage is a type of green cabbage having very pale colored leaves.

It’s healthier and tastier.

It contains a lot of vitamin C, dietary fiber as well as vitamin K, selenium, potassium, and magnesium.

The amount of calcium present in it is low so white cabbage becomes the finest choice for guinea pigs.

Savoy Cabbage

Savoy Cabbage is curly with deeply ridged leaves.

The color of the leaves is deep green.

It’s crispy in taste.

It is a bit more delicate compared to other cabbages and has a crunchier taste.

Savoy cabbage is an excellent source of Vitamin C and A as well as fiber/

It’s also a great source of manganese, folate, vitamin B6, potassium, and omega-3 fatty acids.

The quantity of calcium present in it is low so make it a good diet for guinea pigs as the excessive amount of calcium in guinea pigs can lead to bladder stones.

Purple Cabbage

Purple Cabbage is also known as Red Cabbage.

It has dark red/purple-colored leaves.

It is identical to green cabbage except for its color and moist-looking leaves.

Its dark leaves signify the presence of a higher level of anthocyanins, an antioxidant that is specifically found in purple cabbage and has extraordinary health benefits.

Purple Cabbage is the healthiest among all as it contains a good amount of fiber, vitamin C, and anthocyanins.

It helps to decrease blood cholesterol levels, reduces inflammation, and it also lessens the risk of heart and liver damage.

Purple Cabbage is a great choice for guinea pigs’ nourishment because of its impressive nutrients.

Sweetheart Cabbage

Sweetheart Cabbage is sweeter and softer than normal cabbage.

It is green and leafy and rich in Vitamin K, Vitamin C, and folate that have healthy benefits.

Guinea pigs eat cabbage but they should consume only small quantities because of the surplus presence of Vitamin K that can become bad for their health.

Chinese Cabbage

Chinese Cabbage has a large head with tightly packed green leaves.

It is low in calories and rich in Vitamin C and other nutrients such as Folic Acid, Vitamin B making it a perfect choice for the guinea pig diet but in minimum quantity.

There are two other types of Chinese Cabbage naming Napa Cabbage and Bhok Choy Cabbage.

Is Cabbage Safe For Guinea Pigs?

Can guinea pigs eat cabbage or is cabbage safe for guinea pigs are questions to which many people want to know the answer.

Yes, guinea pigs eat cabbage but they should eat it in moderation.

Moreover, guinea pigs can eat all types of cabbages.

Anything that is given in excess leads to problems so this is the same with the guinea pigs in terms of eating cabbage.

Cabbage is an excellent source of Vitamins and Minerals so it plays a major role in the healthy development of guinea pigs.

Vitamin K

Vitamin K helps in preventing excessive bleeding, improving digestion, boosting immunity, and preventing inflammations.

Vitamin C

Vitamin C comprising in cabbage helps in preventing scurvy in guinea pigs as deficiency of Vitamin C can cause scurvy in them because guinea pigs are generally prone to scurvy.


The presence of potassium in cabbage is also essential for guinea pigs.

Potassium helps to maintain their blood sugar consistently.


Phosphorus is also present in cabbage.

It not only repairs tissues and cells of the body, but phosphorus also contributes to managing well.

It also maintains health by stocking energy too in the body.


The minerals present in cabbage helps to keep the heart of guinea pigs healthy and control their cholesterol level.


The presence of the excess amount of calcium helps in the development of teeth and bones in young ones and babies guinea pigs, but its additional amount can become risky for the adult ones.

Adult guinea pigs can form bladder stones due to intake of excess amount of calcium so this should be in mind while feeding cabbage to guinea pigs.

Another downside is that cabbage can cause bloating and diarrhea too in guinea pigs.

So, while giving cabbages to guinea pigs, their possible risks should also be noted.

Are There Risks When Feeding Cabbage to Guinea Pigs?

As we have already mentioned, apart from many health benefits for humans, cabbage is also a great source of nutrients for guinea pigs.

However, cabbage contains a lot of nutrients that can be harmful to your guinea pig if it’s a regular part of their daily diet.

For that reason, you should always feed your pet with cabbage in moderate quantities (a leaf or two) and only two to three times a week.

Otherwise, your guinea pig can develop a series of health problems.

Bladder Stones

Cabbage contains calcium, which can lead to urinary stones in guinea pigs when fed in an abundant amount.

Guinea pigs cannot regulate calcium and they absorb it into their systems so when there is too much calcium in their bodies it can form painful kidney and bladder stones.

Bloating And Indigestion

Cabbage can also result in stomach upsets in guinea pigs.

Due to the elevated calcium amount, it can cause indigestion and bloat in guinea pigs, even in human beings too.

The digestive systems of guinea pigs are sensitive so it’s easy for their stomachs to get bloated.

Too much intake of cabbage can make them feel full of gas.

So, feeding too much cabbage to guinea pigs can lead to putting them at risk.

Guinea pigs eat cabbage, but they should eat it only in moderation to prevent bloating and digestion problems.

How Much Cabbage Should Guinea Pigs Eat?

Feed Cabbage to Your Guinea Pig Once Or Twice A Week

Guinea pigs should be given cabbage once or twice a week.

It shouldn’t be given too frequently as it may result in gas and bloating.

So, their feeding schedule should be monitored.

Cabbage can be included in their diet once or twice a week but it shouldn’t be a part of their daily diet.

According to experts, you should feed your guinea pig cabbage one to two small leaves, which provides sufficient nutrients in their daily diet.

Serving Size

According to the age of guinea pigs, serving size may vary.

Young guinea pigs can be given cabbage in a little excess amount but the older guinea pigs should be fed in moderation to avoid urinary stones.

What are the Benefits of Purple Cabbage?

Purple cabbage (or red cabbage) is a nutritious vegetable that a guinea pig can eat in small quantities and occasionally.

Purple Cabbage

Purple Cabbage is also known as Blaukraut and Red Cabbage.

The color of its leaves is dark red/purple.

It is found in Northern Europe, throughout the Americas, and in China.

Nutritional Information of Purple cabbage

Red cabbage, raw, amount per 100 grams

  • Calories 31
  • Total Fat 0.2 g 0%
  • Saturated fat 0 g 0%
  • Polyunsaturated fat 0.1 g
  • Monounsaturated fat 0 g
  • Cholesterol 0 mg 0%
  • Sodium 27 mg 1%
  • Potassium 243 mg 6%
  • Total Carbohydrate 7 g 2%
  • Dietary fiber 2.1 g 8%
  • Sugar 3.8 g
  • Protein 1.4 g 2%
  • Vitamin A 22%
  • Vitamin C 95%
  • Calcium 4%
  • Vitamin D 0%
  • Vitamin B-6 10%
  • Vitamin B-12 0%
  • Magnesium 4%

Purple Cabbage and Guinea Pig Diet

Purple Cabbage is best for guinea pigs’ diet.

When there are many options to select which type of cabbage to serve guinea pig, purple is the best among them.

Purple cabbage is filled with various nutrients that are beneficial for pigs’ diet and are even more nutritious than green cabbage.

Purple cabbage is filled with several impressive nutrients.

Vitamin C

Vitamin C exists more in purple cabbage than green ones.

Purple cabbage is an ideal source of Vitamin C for guinea pigs as they can’t synthesize and store Vitamin C in their bodies just like humans.

So, Red Cabbage is a great source of vitamin C for them.

Vitamin C maintains the strong immune system of your pet.

Lack of Vitamin C can develop scurvy so Vitamin C should be present in the diet of guinea pigs.

Vitamin A

Purple Cabbage has a great amount of Vitamin A which is essential for guinea pigs as it makes vision and immune system healthy and it is also good for the skin.

Vitamin K

Vitamin K is a fat-soluble vitamin that plays an essential role in maintaining the health of guinea pigs.

Purple cabbage contains more Vitamin K than the other cabbages so that makes them a good diet for guinea pigs.

It helps in maintaining blood clots.

What Are the Health Benefits Of Purple Cabbage?

Purple cabbage has many health benefits, which is why guinea pigs can eat this vegetable quite often.

We are going to reveal some of them below.

Helps In Digestion

Guinea pigs have a hard time digesting because of their weak digestive system.

Red cabbage helps them in eliminating digestive relating issues because red cabbage is rich in fiber.

Reduces Inflammation

As red cabbage consists of antioxidants, it helps in dealing with inflammation such as infections, diseases, or injuries.

The right amount of red cabbage in guinea pigs’ diet assists in dealing with chronic inflammation.

Develop Strong Bones And Teeth

The existence of Vitamin K in red cabbage leads to stronger bones and teeth in guinea pigs.

Including red cabbage in guinea pigs’ diet can help on developing their stronger bones and teeth.

Cardiovascular Protection

The anthocyanins and antioxidants present in red cabbage provide cardiovascular protection.

It also protects red blood cells.

Due to the intake of red cabbage,

blood levels of beta-carotene, lutein, and total blood antioxidant improve, while oxidized LDL has been found to decrease.

LDL refers to low-density lipoprotein— if LDL is excessively present in its oxidized form, it can become harmful and can create problems for blood vessels.

So the reduction in oxidized LDL is a good thing.

Boosts Immunity

Vitamin C presence in red cabbage ensures boosting the immunity of a guinea pig.

A healthy immune system helps in fighting diseases and infections, so the addition of red cabbage in guinea pigs’ diet increases their immunity level.

Eliminates Free Radicals

Free radicals can cause cells to damage as they are created by the metabolic process in the body.

Red cabbage helps eliminate free radicals from the guinea pigs’ bodies.

Prevents Cholesterol Oxidation

When cholesterol becomes oxidized in the body, it becomes harmful.

It can cause heart diseases and other complications in the body.

An antioxidant naming Flavonoid is present in purple cabbage that prevents the oxidation of cholesterol.

So, guinea pigs can be protected from heart diseases and other complications by adding the source of Flavonoid into their diet that exists in purple cabbage.

Lowers Blood Pressure

Purple cabbage is a good source of potassium, manganese, and iron.

These minerals help in regulating blood pressure at an optimum level.

If the blood pressure is not at the optimum level in guinea pigs or can create complications like stroke and many others related to the heart.

The minerals present in purple cabbage keep the blood pressure level optimum and have a good impact on the heart of your guinea pig.

Aids Weight Loss

Purple Cabbage has a great amount of dietary fiber so it helps in weight loss.

It stimuli the deterioration of calories in the body so the weight of the guinea pigs remains in control.

How Much Purple Cabbage Can Guinea Pigs Eat?

Now that we know that guinea pigs can eat red cabbage, the question is how much purple (red) cabbage you can give to your guinea pig.

The most important thing you should know is that cabbage is rich in nutrients and some of those can cause harm to your guinea pig’s health.

Therefore, you should be careful about the serving size and the frequency of feeding red cabbage to your pet.

Also, always wash the

Feed Twice Or Thrice A Week

Guinea pigs should be fed purple cabbages 3 to 4 times a week.

You can give your guinea pig purple cabbages but not in large amounts.

Much cabbage in your guinea pig’s diet can cause gas, indigestion, and bloating.

Overfeeding purple cabbages can also lead to urinary stones because of excess calcium.

So, the best option is to feed your guinea pig with a few leaves of cabbage two to three times a week.

Serving Size

Purple cabbage can be given to them by chopping the cabbage leaves into smaller pieces.

A small number of cabbages can’t harm them and don’t acquire any negative side effects.

Even the cabbage having less calcium should be given in small and moderate quantity especially if you are introducing cabbage to guinea pig for the first time.

Even if a guinea pig enjoys eating cabbage, keep serving size small to avoid any possible side effects and risks to your guinea pig.

Wash Thoroughly Before Using

It should be washed thoroughly before using and giving to guinea pigs because of the possible presence of insecticides and other chemicals that are used during harvesting.

Other Vegetables With Cabbage

For a healthy and beneficial guinea pig daily diet, you should combine cabbage and other vegetables.

Possible Risks of Feeding Your Guinea Pig with Purple Cabbage

Many factors should be encountered before giving an excessive amount of Purple Cabbage to guinea pigs.

Purple Cabbage is safe for a guinea pig.

However, feeding your guinea pig with cabbage can cause health problems to your pet.

Indigestion And Bloating

The weak digestive system of guinea pigs can cause problems for them if we overfeed them purple cabbage.

Too much eating of purple cabbage can cause gas and bloating in them, although a small intake of purple cabbage can be easier for them to digest.

Kidney Issues

The high level of calcium in purple cabbage is helpful for young guinea pigs but can be risky for your adult guinea pig.

Calcification can trigger the formation of urinary tract stones.

So, you can feed your guinea pig cabbage, but only in small portions.

Final Thoughts

Guinea pigs are popular pets because of their docile nature.

To take good care of your guinea pig pets, you should know the types of foods they can and cannot eat.

Likewise, you should know that guinea pigs are herbivores and that fiber and vitamin C are the most important nutrients in their daily diet.

You should feed your guinea pigs with unlimited amounts of timothy hay, some pellets, and fresh fruits and vegetables in moderate quantities.

So, the answer to the question of whether guinea pigs can eat purple cabbage, the answer is, yes.

Actually, guinea pigs can eat cabbage of all types, but you should feed them cabbage only in moderation and occasionally.

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